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Understanding the Causes and Types of Hearing Loss

Written by OrkaJul 6, 2023 - 5 min read



Hearing loss affects millions worldwide, significantly impacting communication and quality of life. Recognizing the causes and understanding the types of hearing loss are the first steps towards finding effective solutions.

But do you know the potential causes and types of hearing loss?

This comprehensive guide sheds light on the primary causes of hearing loss, explores its various types, and introduces innovative hearing aids solutions, designed to enhance your auditory experience.

Causes of Hearing Loss

  1. Aging (Presbycusis): Gradual hearing loss that occurs as part of the natural aging process, typically starting around the age of 60. It often affects the ability to hear high-frequency sounds and understand speech in noisy environments.

  2. Noise Exposure: Prolonged exposure to loud noises, such as machinery, music concerts, or construction sites, can damage the delicate structures of the inner ear and lead to hearing loss. This is known as noise-induced hearing loss.

  3. Genetic Factors: Inherited genetic mutations can contribute to hearing loss. They may be present at birth or develop later in life.

  4. Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as otosclerosis (abnormal bone growth in the middle ear), Meniere's disease (a disorder affecting the inner ear), and autoimmune disorders, can result in hearing loss. Additionally, ear infections, tumors, and cardiovascular diseases can also impact hearing health.

Types of Hearing Loss

Beyond the causes of hearing loss mentioned above, hearing loss is categorized into types of hearing loss. While it is impossible to know your "type" of hearing loss without a professional test, this information may assist you in making informed decisions about you or your loved ones needs.

Hearing loss can be categorized into three main types:

1. Conductive Hearing Loss: Caused by obstructions or damage to the outer or middle ear.

This type of hearing loss occurs when sound cannot effectively pass through the outer or middle ear. Causes may include earwax buildup, fluid accumulation, ear infections, or structural abnormalities. In most cases, conductive hearing loss can be treated medically or surgically.

2. Sensorineural Hearing Loss: Caused by damage to the inner ear or auditory nerve.

Sensorineural hearing loss results from damage to the delicate hair cells in the inner ear or problems with the auditory nerve pathways. It is the most common type of permanent hearing loss and often related to aging, noise exposure, and genetic factors. Sensorineural hearing loss is typically managed with hearing aids or other assistive devices.

3. Mixed Hearing Loss: A combination of conductive and sensorineural loss.

Mixed hearing loss refers to a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss. Individuals may experience a combination of issues related to the outer, middle, and inner ear, requiring a comprehensive treatment approach.

When to See a Specialist

Identifying hearing loss early is crucial. If you notice difficulty in hearing conversations, experience tinnitus, or find yourself increasing the volume on devices frequently, it's time to consult with a physician or hearing care professional for a comprehensive evaluation. They can determine the type and severity of your hearing loss, rule out any underlying medical conditions, and provide appropriate recommendations for treatment.

Innovative Solutions with Online Hearing Aids

In the digital era, purchasing hearing aids online has become a seamless process. Online platforms provide a convenient and accessible way to explore a range of hearing aid options that suit your needs, preferences, and budget. However, it is essential to work with a hearing care professional to ensure a proper fitting and optimal performance of your hearing aids.

Orka offers a range of state-of-the-art hearing aids that cater to diverse needs and preferences. With the guidance of our audiologists and hearing care professionals, we ensure that you receive a personalized hearing solution, providing you with the clarity and comfort you deserve.


The common causes of hearing loss including aging, noise exposure, genetics, and medical conditions. The types of hearing loss can be categorized into conductive, sensorineural, and mixed types.

Understanding hearing loss empowers individuals to make informed decisions about their auditory health. With advancements in hearing aid technology, overcoming hearing loss has never been more achievable. Orka hearing aids stand at the forefront of this innovation, offering customizable solutions to meet your unique hearing needs. Embrace a world of clearer sounds and improved communication with Orka.

About the Author

Dr. Alexi SilanceDoctor of Audiology(AuD), DNM

With over 30 years experience as an audiologist, Dr. Alexi has a passion for improving communication abilities for those with hearing loss. Her focus lies heavily on providing education about hearing aids and tinnitus management.

All content and information on this website is for informal and educational purposes only, nothing contained herein shall constitute medical advice, and does not establish any patient-client relationship by your use and access of this blog.
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